MARISOL SILVA'S DIGITAL PORTFOLIO
Summary from the Throughline Website
"In February, President Trump declared a national emergency at the US-Mexico border. Last year, he ordered thousands of National Guard troops to the border. Is this the first time an American president has responded with this level of force? In this week's episode, the history of militarization at the U.S.-Mexico border."
Essential Question of the Podcast
"Is it actually the first time an American president has responded with this kind of force to events happening at the border?"
- February 15, 2019 President Trump calls a national emergency at us Mexican border in response to a crisis of illegal border crossings
- 2016 President trump proposed border wall. Military is to guard the border until the wall is built.
- Senators from his own party, as we mentioned, voted to defeat the president's signature campaign issue.
- Mexican-American War in the 1840s. Years after the war, the border was actually porous.
- Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, from the air
- In 1942, the Second World War started troops were sent to the Pacific and European front
- The U.S. set up the bracero program, which invited Mexican migrants to come to the U.S. to keep the economy going.
- Soldiers returned home, and the program slowed down. But many Mexican laborers were still seeking opportunity in the U.S., which led to a huge spike in illegal immigration from Mexico - people looking for jobs.
- 1954, President Eisenhower began to see this as a really big economic problem. He launched Operation Wetback. People in the U.S. illegally were arrested and deported anywhere in the country, not just at the border.
- 1960s the presence of Mexicans was growing in Texas and California. calling for force,
- Nixon declared a war on drugs and began ramping up security at the border.
- DEA, Drug Enforcement Agency, and provided support to Mexican law enforcement to fight drug cartels.
- Reinforcements were deployed at the border.
- Throughout the 1970s and '80s, this rhetoric about drugs invading from the south continued.
- In 1994 and 1995, the Clinton administration began to deploy the Border Patrol in a kind of a military formation.
- President Clinton launched a series of operations in the continuing war on drugs.
- Operation Hold the Line - hiring a record number of new border guards
- Operation Gatekeeper - deporting twice as many criminal aliens as ever before
- Operation Safeguard - cracking down on illegal heroin
- Operation Rio Grande
- Department of Homeland Security was created fear of drugs and terrorist
- 2006 deploy up to 6,000 National Guard members to assist the Border Patrol.
- May 2006, President George W. Bush launched Operation Jump Start.
- Signed a bill authorizing the construction of a 700-mile fence along the border, stretching from California to Texas
- 2010, President Obama sent 1,200 National Guard troops to the border during Operation Phalanx in response to the unprecedented violence between drug cartels in northern Mexico
- Ordered ICE, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, to deport any illegal immigrants in the U.S. who'd been convicted of crimes.